Bersin & Associates conducts dozens of meaningful research projects each year, specifically in the areas of organizational learning and workforce management.
Here's their Top 22 Best Practices for Talent Management" - a list of 22 talent management processes that drive highest business impact.
Of particular interest are those with the Performance Management tag:
#1. Coaching programs for employees
#6. Cascading goals - aligning individual goals with corporate goals
#7. Creating consistent plans across the entire organization
#8. Establishing clear and measurable goals for all employees
#12. Assessing performance (appraisal and evaluation)
#15. Performance-based compensation